Rikkyo Roots (institutional repository)


Q: Should I assign a copyrights to the library when I deposit articles to Rikkyo Roots?

No. Authors or publishers hold the copyrights.

Q: If a paper was coauthored by someone else, which author must grant permission for registration to the repository?

All contributing authors to a coauthored paper have the copyrights to that work, so as a general rule, permission must be obtained from all authors involved.

Q: I want to register the back number of a bulletin to the repository, but the copyrights are not stated clearly anywhere.

If the submission rules do not cover any copyright related issues, copyrights will generally belong to each author.

Q: There are charts and photos in the paper that have been taken from other sources. Is separate permission required for these in order to register the paper to the repository?

Separate permission is not required for charts, photos, or text from other papers which were appropriately cited in the paper at the time of its publishing.

Q: Is copyright consent required when only registering an excerpt to the repository (instead of the entire paper)?

In many cases, the summary of a paper is generally regarded as a derivative work. In such a case, the excerpt cannot be freely created or registered to a repository without the author's consent. However, the paper title, author's name, posted periodical names, volume numbers, and page numbers are considered information from the table of contents, which is exclusively comprised of "information void of creativity." Because of this, such information is not protected under copyright.

Q: Are there procedures involved with obtaining copyrights?

No procedures are necessary. Once the work is completed, copyrights are automatically granted to the author. The author does not have to perform any special actions to validate copyrights. Once the paper or work has been penned, the copyrights for that work belong to the author.

Q: Explain the copyright protection period in detail.

The copyright protection period generally starts as soon as the work is penned, and stays in effect for 50 years after the author's death. The following diagram shows exceptions to the general protection period.

Type of work Protection period
Actual name of work (including well-known false names) 50 years after death
Nameless/falsely named works 50 years after publication (if 50 years after the author's death can be established, that period takes precedence)
Corporate named works 50 years after publication (if the work is not published for 50 years after its creation, the period spans 50 years after creation)

[Reference materials and websites]

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